Posts Tagged ‘nhà sàn’

Một nghiên cứu rất hay về “nhà sàn”/”nhà trên cọc”, đăng tải gốc ở trang “The stilt house and the pilotis”.

Introduction to the Stilt House

Mies Van der Rohe's Farnsworth House, flooded

Mies Van der Rohe’s Farnsworth House in a flood, Preservation News

The stilt house is a home raised on piles. This form originated in aquatic areas over water or in areas of unstable soil such as marshlands or floodplains, but has since been adapted to land-based dwelling units as well. Stilt houses were common in the Alpine region during the Neolithic and Bronze Ages, as well as in pre-Columbian South America.

Palafito Stilt House

South American Palafito Stilt House

As vernacular architecture, stilt houses still are common in parts of South East Asia, Papua New Guinea, and West Africa. Common stilt housing typologies found around the world include the Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia Kelong, Hong Kong Pang Uk, Papua New Guinea Stilt House, Thai Stilt House, Vietnamese Stilt House, and South American Palafito.

Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye home in Poissy, France

Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye home

The modern movement adopted the idea of the stilt, or pilotis, and brought the concept into present-day building. Mies Van der Rohe’s Farnsworth House is raised with a frame five feet above ground to separate the home from the floodplains on which it is built. Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye is a poignant example in the use of pilotis to raise the house in a non-aquatic setting.

Will Alsop's Sharp Centre for Design at the Toronto OCAD

Toronto Sharp Centre for Design @ OCAD, Will Alsop Architect

Contemporary architects such as Will Alsop have adopted the stilt to open up public space at the ground level in buildings such as Toronto’s Ontario College of Art and Design. And finally, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans’ rebuilding effort, many homes are re-adopting stilts as a method of keeping away floodwaters.

Hong Kong's Pang Uk Dwellings in Tai O

Pang Uk homes in Tai O Fishing Village, Chau 2007

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